Read full article written by Naqash Munir on the Russo-Turkey conflict in late November 2015: http://www.naqashkhan.com/scholastic/transition-of-russo-turkey-relations-over-time-and-today
Read full script of the Turkish stance written by Naqash Munir in 2014.
Mr. Naqash Munir (Global/Regional Studies)
Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis
(ISSRA, National Defence University, Islamabad)
Transition of Russo-Turkey Relations over Time and Today
The crisis in the Middle Eastern region has brought in its wake a perceptible shift in Russo-Turkey relations in the contemporary arena. The downing of a Russian Su-24 bomber jet by Turkish F-16 fighter over the Syrian-Turkish border and the subsequent reaction provides an index of the deterioration. Russia was once considered to be a bitter enemy of Turks. Today, several ingredients have refreshed the erstwhile tensions as witnessed in the Tsarist and Ottoman eras. With the passage of time, the interaction between them has been fluctuating in keeping with the geographic and leadership transformation. By far, Syrian crisis is the latest point of contradiction between them, representing diverging interests. This is becoming a test case for the two for demonstrating their lost-power in the wake of contemporary transformations in the world order from unipolar to multi polar.
The policies of both the states towards Syria run counter to each other. Russia has shared a strong economic partnership with Syria, fact being that it has remained a major beneficiary of Russian weaponry while Turkish Prime Minister, in 2012 called on Bashar al Assad to step down as the President of Syria.
No doubt, there are convergences and divergences between Russia and Turkey to project their policies with each other as well as other stakeholders of the region. This paper is intended to analyse the Russo-Turkey relations in the backdrop of their interests in the Middle East, following the significance, convergences and divergences of their relations which have given rise to their contemporary role in the arena. After the discussion on the matter, this paper has extracted the role of Pakistan and has suggested guidelines for Pakistan’s foreign policy towards the subject matter.
Why Middle East matters the most to Russia and Turkey?
The critical interests of Russia and Turkey both lies in the Middle East. However they do not tend to be the same. Under the umbrella of NATO, Turkey is
Naqash Munir, currently working at Muslim Hands International, is a former member of National Youth Assembly (session 2015-2016), Master of Science in International Relations and has apprenticed at Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA) and National Assembly Secretariat (Parliament of Pakistan).
You never seem worried, asked thee. I am a traveler, worries are just dull sceneries, said me.